Facts about England in September
The name September comes from the old Roman word ‘septem’, which means seven, because in the Roman calendar it was the seventh month. The Anglo-Saxons called it Gerst monath (Barley month), because it was their time when they harvested barley to be made into their favourite drink – barley brew. They also called it Haefest monath, or Harvest month.
The Romans believed that the month of September was looked after by the god, Vulcan. As the god of the fire and forge they therefore expected September to be associated with fires, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
September is the start of the school year. Students return to school after the six week summer holiday.
Did you know absolutely nothing happened in British History from the 1 to the 13 of September 1752!!!
The Gregorian calendar
The Gregorian calendar is the one most used nowadays. It is named after Pope Gregory Xlll who introduced it in 1582. There is a leap year every four years (or more precisely, 97 leap years every 400 years). This means that the year corresponds closely with the astronomical year (365.24219 days) so that it is just one day out every 3,300 years.
The Julian Calendar
Up until 1753, the calendar we used in Britain was the Julian Calendar. It was based on the solar year, the time it takes for the Earth to rotate around the Sun, and thus was less accurate than the Gregorian Calendar.
The Julian Calendar was 365.25 days long, which was fractionally too long, and the calendar over time fell out of line with the seasons.
All change – “Give us back our 11 days!”
In 1752 Britain decided to correct this by abandoning the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian. By doing so, 3 September instantly became 14 September – and as a result, nothing whatsoever happened in British history between 3 and 13 September 1752.
Many people believed their lives would be shortened. They protested in the streets, demanding “Give us back our 11 days!”